Health is a condition of overall physical, mental and emotional well being where infirmity and disease are absent. It encompasses an individual’s total quality of life, where none of the three is destroyed by sickness. It also includes the ability to engage in socially beneficial activity and the capacity to enjoy it. The pursuit of happiness in this area is founded on self-respect and the respect of others.
The advancement in our civilization over the past century has brought about a huge improvement in the medical field. Many people can now receive treatment for their physical conditions from the comfort of their own homes. Also, advances in technology have made the administration of treatments more effective, safe, and affordable. The challenge remains in promoting health care so that all individuals have access to these benefits. This challenge is accomplished through the promotion of health.
It is the responsibility of society as a whole to take care of its most vulnerable members – the children, old people, mentally retarded or physically disabled, and women. All of them need special attention and care in order to lead a productive and healthy lifestyle. Parents, communities, and public organizations have a responsibility to make sure that these groups have the resources they need to cope with health conditions as they grow old. The promotion of good health and well-being has become a key concern of governments worldwide.
Promotion of health involves both private and public organizations in order to contribute to the attainment of a healthy life through strategies, resources, and programs. In this field, there are two major types of determinants: personal and environmental. The personal determinants refer to the determinants that influence the health status of an individual. These include genes, physical environment, and socialization.
The environmental determinants refer to the external factors that affect the health status of a population. Examples of external determinants include pollution, smoking, air pollution, ultraviolet radiation, and occupational hazards. These determined factors can either promote or deter the well-being of the population. The use of effective and efficient public health services and programs and the provision of quality basic healthcare services are two important means of promoting overall health. In addition, the promotion and protection of the rights of individuals and families to access quality health services and to participate in the decision making process concerning their health is an essential aspect of public health.
In order to promote the well-being of individuals and families, a community should focus on creating a sense of social well-being. This involves ensuring that all residents of the community are emotionally and physically healthy and that the well-being of the entire population is achieved. Community leaders should work together to ensure that all residents enjoy a strong sense of social belonging and are emotionally and physically healthy. Providing opportunities for residents to develop personal and community connections, as well as provide opportunities for recreation, are also measures that can promote the well-being of the population as a whole. All residents of a community must have an opportunity to lead a life that is balanced through a strong sense of social responsibility and physical fitness.